Obesity, Food Insecurity, Nutrition, and Functional Impairment: What Is the Role of Physical Therapy?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity affected approximately 93.3 million US adults between 2015 and 2016. The US Department of Agriculture reported that 11.8% of households were food insecure at some point during 2017. Food insecurity and obesity have been associated with a number of chronic conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, inflammatory diseases, cancer, heart disease, and stroke. Food insecurity refers to the limited or uncertain availability and access to nutritionally adequate and safe foods. Individuals who are food insecure tend to have limited access to health care and lower health literacy, which can lead to poor disease management, ultimately leading to increased functional limitation. It can be postulated that food insecure adults with chronic disease may be less able to manage their disease, leading to further morbidity and worsening functional limitation. This session will explore scope of practice as it relates to physical therapy and nutrition. The speakers will discuss the role and ethical responsibility of PTs in identifying and screening for food insecurity while managing functional limitations related to chronic disease.

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  • Control #: 1538
  • Type: Education Session
  • Event/Year: CSM 2020
  • Authors: Elizabeth Campione
  • Keywords:

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