Purpose/Hypothesis : American higher education has experienced a remarkable number of changes since the founding of Harvard in 1636. Recently, a college score card has been proposed to assist families in making decisions by providing information about colleges and universities linking costs to outcomes. At the same time the U.S. administration has proposed growing community colleges capacity as a cost effective attempt at providing access, affordability and educational success for more students. Any such score card should include an unflinching look at student success measures such as first-time pass rates on licensure examinations. For the profession of physical therapy this measure is the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE). This study investigated physical therapy program first-time pass rates for 1996-2009 on the NPTE as a scorecard measure in relationship to institutional and program characteristics.Number of Subjects : This study reviewed data for 211 physical therapy educational programs retrieved from the Commission on Accreditation for Physical Therapy EducationÕs Directory of Accredited Physical Therapy Education Programs and direct program phone conversations.Materials/Methods : A logistic regression of a dichotomous outcome variable, pass/no pass on first attempt, and the coefficients of Carnegie Classifications of institutions in which physical therapy programs are delivered provided a framework to predict student success as defined by first-time pass rate on as the physical therapy licensure examination.Results : Evidence suggests that program duration, and Carnegie Classifications for doctoral and research institutions increase the likelihood of first time pass rate success on the NPTE. Logistic regression analysis gives the beta coefficient along with the likelihood of success and the 95% confidence intervals, with implications for program development and evaluation.Conclusions : The study provides an opportunity to inform discussions related to measuring important physical therapy education outcomes associated with physical therapy program choice.Clinical Relevance : Increased likelihood of first-time pass rate success on the NPTE may be indicative of educational quality yielding to excellence in professional practice.