In recent years, there has been an expansion of physical therapy residency and fellowship programs, which have provided physical therapists with increased opportunities to accelerate the development of their clinical skills through a structured training program. A cornerstone of residency and fellowship programs is mentored clinical practice experiences and advanced instruction within an area of subspecialty over the course of the program. However, there is likely variability among mentoring experiences which could influence the quality of the learning experience for the resident or fellow in training. In this session, speakers will describe the current state of mentoring in physical therapy residency and fellowship training, factors influencing effective mentoring experiences, and how effective mentoring can help to bridge the gap between what is taught and what is needed for the individual to truly excel in physical therapy residency and fellowship training. Based on emerging research, this dynamic, interactive session will also highlight the skill set required for the physical therapist to serve as an effective mentor for developing advanced clinical reasoning and reflective practice skills of the resident or fellow, with a particular emphasis on strategies for program faculty to effectively mentor the mentors and maximize the quality of their mentorship program.